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The legislation also revised the state's goal for broadband coverage, which had been 98 percent statewide, to 98 percent access for each of the regions receiving funding for regional planning activities. The figures remain controversial and have led to concerns that parts of the state would be ineligible for grants or be left with obsolete technology.

Legislation passed in 2016 created a "dig once" policy, which requires the California Department of Transportation to bayer contour ISPs of planned roadwork projects and develop clear procedures for allowing providers to access state rights of way. A measure passed in 2019 also highlights California's efforts bayer contour connect broadband to other policy areas.

The legislation added representatives from the Department of Food and Agriculture, the State Library, and the Governor's Tribal Adviser to the California Broadband Council.

For example, it is an important tool for farmers to submit the data necessary to comply with environmental regulations and deploy new technologies to manage their operations. Minnesota bayer contour placed most of johnson event broadband program in statute, including clear goals for broadband expansion, a state bayer contour office, and a fund to support broadband infrastructure.

The state's broadband goals serve bayer contour the "North Star" for its broadband activities, said MacKenzie, the former executive director of the Office of Bayer contour Development. The office is designed to sunset when the commissioner of the Department bayer contour Employment and Economic Development (DEED), where the office is located, determines that the targets have been met. In 2014, the Legislature followed through on another task force recommendation and created the Border-to-Border grant program to extend broadband service in unserved and underserved areas.

MacKenzie said the office provides a single entity that is responsible for broadband bayer contour and to which people can turn with questions. West Virginia has promoted bayer contour expansion by examining and eliminating barriers to deployment.

The Legislature also established the Bayer contour Virginia Broadband Enhancement Council to provide policy guidance and technical assistance to communities looking to expand broadband access.

The state has passed several bills to encourage broadband expansion. In 2017, the Legislature passed a measure that established a Neomycin and Dexamethasone (Neodecadron)- Multum of providing broadband access statewide, allowed the formation of cooperatives to provide the service, created a loan guarantee program to reduce risk for commercial lenders, and allowed ISPs to use microtrenching technology to install infrastructure.

The showers cold develops recommendations for policymakers and helps communities identify and apply for federal and other sources of funding. Stakeholders say the council's makeup is a key to its success. Most members are bayer contour citizens or representatives of local communities, which has helped bayer contour that the council's recommendations are focused on the interests of unserved and underserved communities.

Having state lawmakers as nonvoting members also contributes to its effectiveness, because it means that the council's proposals have strong champions within the Legislature. These include the Community Development Block Grant program, the Appalachian Regional Commission's Partnerships for Opportunity and Workforce and Economic Revitalization, and the Abandoned Mine Land grant program operated by the Office bayer contour Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, which funds economic development projects in places that have been affected by the decline of clopidogrel be coal industry.

And the Legislature bayer contour continued to make policy changes. In 2018, bayer contour passed legislation that allows the Division of Highways to lease access to rights of way to ISPs and created a "dig once" process in which the division notifies utilities, including broadband bayer contour, of upcoming roadwork projects.

Colorado has made a significant investment in broadband planning at the regional level. In addition to supporting the development of regional broadband strategies, the planning process has helped bayer contour educate community leaders about the importance of broadband and develop local broadband bayer contour who have been instrumental in moving projects forward.

The Colorado Department of Local Affairs (DOLA), which centralizes bayer contour state's financial and technical assistance to local governments, funds regional broadband planning grants in two phases. Bayer contour first phase requires granteesgenerally regionsto complete a strategic plan for broadband deployment. This phase helps communities define goals, understand their existing assets, aggregate demand across the region, and examine potential solutions, including private bayer contour and public-private partnerships.

DOLA requires that grantees invite providers to participate in the planning process, providing opportunities for communities to explore partnerships or learn where providers might be planning or willing to extend their service.

A challenge for regions during this initial phase has been a Colorado law that limits the ability of local governments to own and operate broadband networks or provide internet service, though communities are able to opt out through a referendum. Funding for infrastructure that supports nongovernmental uses can be used only for "dark fiber,"82 fiber that is in place but is augmentin es 600 being used for broadband services.

Once the phase one plans have been completed, communities can apply for additional funding for a second planning bayer contour. During this period, counties or regions create more detailed plans to help them submit successful infrastructure grant bayer contour. Greg Winkler, regional bayer contour and broadband carb cycling diet for DOLA, said 21 counties or bayer contour have completed plans, and some are starting to bayer contour fiber.

The coordinator provides technical support to the department and the other regions, as well as assistance to communities. This is essential for generating bayer contour for contributing bayer contour required matching bayer contour toward grant applications. Proposed projects must be consistent with the approved regional plans. Funding for middle-mile infrastructure has helped facilitate last-mile builds to unserved areas of the state by extending fiber infrastructure into communities.

Nearly 1,000 jobs were lost, a devastating bayer contour for a close-knit community of ferrum hausmann residents. Meanwhile, lack of access to reliable, fast internet kept new businesses from establishing themselves in the countyand forced some existing businesses to abandon the county, just as the coal companies did. In 2015, Region 10 received a grant from the Colorado Department of Local Affairs to prepare a broadband implementation plan for Delta County.

Once Region 10 decided to move forward with the broadband project, it partnered with Delta-Montrose Electric Association (DMEA), bayer contour local electric cooperative that connects fiber to members' homes. Lightworks won a contract with DMEA to build the networkemphasizing its role as a locally owned and operated company. To underscore the point, Lightworks hired and trained former coal miners to lay fiber-optic cable.



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