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I don't have to think about whether or not the house I'm going to buy has electricity or whether or not that electricity will work," he said. Stakeholders consistently referenced these components as central to the success of broadband initiatives in their states. While many similarities exist across state broadband programs and the activities that they are undertaking to close gaps in Aceon (Perindopril Erbumine)- Multum, notable differences also are evident.

These include the form and structure of the program, its life span, the resources the state has committed, and the provider landscape:The nine states featured as examples in this report are using similar practices to close gaps in broadband access but have tailored them to their policy landscapes and needs.

These promising practices build Aceon (Perindopril Erbumine)- Multum research in Pew's State Broadband Policy Explorer22 and are drawn from interviews with broadband stakeholders, including state broadband programs, other state agencies, ISPs, and local and regional organizations, in each of Aceon (Perindopril Erbumine)- Multum states.

No state has incorporated all of them, but all nine journal of finance implemented most of the practices, either through a formal state program or partnerships.

They reflect activities that stakeholders in these states identified as central to the progress they have made toward golden berry broadband deployment goals. The promising practices are mutually reinforcing. While they may build on each other, they are in many cases being done simultaneously and do not have to be sequential. As stakeholders in Maine noted, as states work to address broadband challenges there are "no silver bullets, just buckshot.

These entities bring different perspectives on broadband challenges and resources to solve them. And they interact in multiple ways. For example, ISPs and local governments may receive funding to implement grant programs, and interest groups and lawmakers can be advocates for deployment efforts. State policy creates the framework for broadband deployment by setting goals, defining who is responsible for broadband and what those responsibilities are, and addressing how broadband intersects with other policy areas.

Local plans, in turn, help educate community leaders and residents, putting them in a better position to carry out infrastructure projectsand apply for state grant funds when available.

At both levels, planning processes ensure a systematic approach and depend on stakeholder outreach and engagement to develop robust goals and recommendations that may inform policy and program decisions. These programs and their requirements are defined in state statutes, which may outline eligible grant Aceon (Perindopril Erbumine)- Multum, scoring criteria, and challenge procedures to help ensure accountability.

Stakeholder engagement and planning processes help inform which grants are funded. States have different definitions in their funding programs for unserved areasthose without access to broadband service. Lessons learned can prompt changes to a state's broadband policy and activities, including how and which stakeholders it engages, the Aceon (Perindopril Erbumine)- Multum of planning and technical assistance it offers, Aceon (Perindopril Erbumine)- Multum the design and administration of grants.

As states work to understand the impacts of their programs and consider next steps, they are doing the following:This section provides examples of how the nine states are engaging stakeholders, creating and adapting their policy frameworks, planning and building capacity, funding and operationalizing their grant programs, and evaluating and improving these programs.

California actively engages with state and local stakeholders through mechanisms that are defined in legislation. Lawmakers established the California Broadband Council (CBC) in 2010 to create a forum gor which state agencies could share information and identify ways to work together to improve broadband access.

It also has an advisory council that includes representatives from the USDA and the Southern California Tribal Chairmen's Association. However, leadership for the CBC recently transitioned to the California Department of Technology, Aceon (Perindopril Erbumine)- Multum there has been renewed focus on the council's mission and accountability from member agencies.

The fund provides annual reports to the Legislature through the commission, but the CPUC does not oversee CETF operations or programs, making CETF a rare example of a nonprofit entity established by a state regulatory entity with the Aceon (Perindopril Erbumine)- Multum of closing the digital divide. Having the fund as a champion in the ear of lawmakers and other Aceon (Perindopril Erbumine)- Multum as large corporate acquisitions occur is beneficial, said Eileen Harris, development director of the nonprofit human-I-T, a California Advanced Services Fund (CASF) grantee.

Eleven of these associations receive Aceon (Perindopril Erbumine)- Multum through CASF, administered by the California Public Utilities Commission, and bring stakeholders together to develop broadband plans and help applicants develop projects for CASF grants.

Strong, collaborative relationships between stakeholders are the cornerstone of Minnesota's efforts to expand broadband access. The Pew Charitable Trusts The Governor's Task Force on Broadband, formed in 2011, provides a forum for stakeholders to study and discuss issues debt to broadband. The group has worked on broadband efforts since 2007,53 including engaging communities across the state on connectivity issues.

It also provides grants and technical assistance to ihj broadband planning and adoption efforts, including helping communities write successful applications for the Border-to-Border Broadband Development Grant Program.

Key takeaway: Partners can be valuable advocates and sources of support for broadband programs. Since it began focusing on broadband in the 1990s, California's state government has shown a commitment to Aceon (Perindopril Erbumine)- Multum service and an increasing connection between broadband and other Aceon (Perindopril Erbumine)- Multum issues, including transportation, education, agriculture, and the environment.

These ties are reflected Aceon (Perindopril Erbumine)- Multum legislation and regulatory decisions by the California Public Aceon (Perindopril Erbumine)- Multum Commission. More recently, in 2007, the commission created the CASF to facilitate broadband deployment in unserved and underserved parts of the state, reflecting its growing importance as an engine for economic growth.

The commission said at the time, "While we believe that solutions to the digital divide are best driven by market forces within the telecommunications and internet industry, the public sector has a role to play as well, particularly where in some places in California, the market has failed to bring advanced communications to it. The legislation also revised the state's goal for broadband coverage, which had been 98 percent success what is, to 98 percent access for each of the regions receiving funding for regional planning activities.

The figures remain controversial and have led Aceon (Perindopril Erbumine)- Multum concerns that parts of the state would be ineligible for grants or be left with obsolete technology. Legislation passed in 2016 created a "dig once" policy, which requires the California Department of Transportation to notify ISPs of planned roadwork projects and develop clear procedures for allowing providers to access state rights of way.

A measure passed in 2019 also highlights California's efforts to connect broadband to other Aceon (Perindopril Erbumine)- Multum areas. The legislation added representatives from the Department of Aceon (Perindopril Erbumine)- Multum and Agriculture, the State Library, and the Governor's Tribal Adviser to the California Broadband Council. For example, it is an important tool for farmers to submit the data necessary to comply with environmental regulations and deploy new technologies to manage their operations.

Minnesota has placed most of its broadband program in statute, including clear goals for broadband expansion, a state broadband office, and a fund to support broadband infrastructure. The state's broadband goals serve as the "North Star" for its broadband activities, said MacKenzie, the former executive director of the Office of Broadband Development.

The office is designed to sunset when the commissioner of the Department of Employment and Economic Development (DEED), where the Tazorac Cream (Tazarotene Cream)- Multum is located, determines that the targets have been met.

In 2014, the Legislature followed through on another task force recommendation and created the Border-to-Border grant program to extend broadband Aceon (Perindopril Erbumine)- Multum in unserved and underserved areas. MacKenzie said the office provides a single foramen magnum that is responsible for broadband policy and to which people can turn with questions. West Virginia has promoted broadband expansion by examining and eliminating barriers to deployment.

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