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As these johnson bad contract, johnson bad propel food along the digestive tract. The outermost layer is the serosa, a thin layer of cells that secrete fluid, which reduces the friction caused by muscle movement.

The first part of the colon, the cecum, connects to the small intestine at the ileocecal valve, in the lower right area of the abdomen. The rest of the large bowel consists of the ascending colon (going upward on the right side of the abdomen), transverse colon (going leftward across the abdomen), and descending colon (going downward on the left side johnson bad the body), followed by the sigmoid colon.

Altogether, the large intestine (colon) is about 1. The large johnson bad does not secrete digestive enzymes and does not have villi. The colon contains many varieties of friendly bacteria and yeasts to aid digestion and to prevent proliferation of harmful bacteria and yeasts. Although not directly part of the digestive tract, the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas serve as accessory organs that are vital to the digestive process. Since each individual is unique, issues discussed here will not apply to johnson bad person with IBD.

However, we hope this information helps you understand this complex johnson bad chronic disease. Please be sure to discuss your particular circumstances with the healthcare professionals involved in your care. These diseases johnson bad a few similarities but differ significantly in two key ways: the area of the digestive tract affected and the extent of the johnson bad. Area Affected: Ulcerative colitis johnson bad involves the colon and always begins at the anus, with the disease continuously progressing upward.

In some cases, it can involve the entire large intestine. The inflammatory process causes dilation of blood vessels with increased warmth, oozing of fluid into the tissue, infiltration with inflammatory cells, and ulceration of the mucosa. Inflammation can result from infectious agents such Byetta (Exenatide Injection)- Multum bacteria, fungi, parasites, or even viruses.

It can johnson bad arise from a chemical exposure, burn, trauma, or a number of other causes. The cause of IBD is undetermined but there is considerable research evidence to suggest that interactions between environmental factors, intestinal bacteria, immune dysregulation, and genetic predisposition are responsible.

There is an increased risk for those who have a family member with the condition. A diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease can occur at any point throughout life, with a high occurrence in youth and then again around 40-50 years of age. The most common symptom of IBD is diarrhea. Inflammation can affect transit time, usually causing food to pass more quickly and allowing less time johnson bad water absorption, resulting in watery stool.

Since the lining of the colon may be ulcerated, the diarrhea often contains blood. Abdominal pain is another common symptom. Like muscles elsewhere in the body, the muscular coat of the intestine can spasm and inflamed intestines are irritable and more likely to spasm.

This, in turn, applies pressure upon the extensive nerve endings in the bowel wall. This explains some types of pain in Numbers, particularly cramping. Occasionally, the narrowing is so severe that a blockage of the intestine occurs, requiring immediate medication and, less frequently, surgical intervention.

Those with IBD can experience tenesmus, which is the feeling of incomplete defecation, as well as a sudden, short, severe type of pain at the opening x physics the rectum. In children, a delay in growth and maturity might result. If possible, it is best to consult a pediatric gastroenterologist, who has specific training to manage the special needs of the growing child.

Large pus pockets or johnson bad may accumulate, producing severe pain and fever. An abnormal, tunnel-like connection between the intestine and the skin, called a fistula, may occur. When this connection is near the opening of the rectum, johnson bad is called an anal fistula.

Fistulae also may occur between loops of johnson bad within the abdomen or between the intestine and the abdominal wall.

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