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The midbrain is an important center for ocular suppositories while the pons is involved with coordinating eye and facial movements, facial sensation, hearing and balance. The medulla oblongata controls breathing, blood pressure, heart rhythms and swallowing. Messages from the cortex to the spinal cord and nerves that branch from the spinal cord are sent through the pons and the brainstem.

Destruction of these regions of the brain will cause "brain death. The reticular johnson china system is found in the midbrain, pons, medulla and part of the thalamus. It controls levels of wakefulness, enables people to pay attention to their environments and is involved in sleep patterns.

Originating in the brainstem are johnson china of the 12 cranial nerves that control hearing, eye movement, facial sensations, taste, swallowing and movements of the face, neck, shoulder and johnson china muscles. The cranial nerves for smell and vision originate in the cerebrum. Four pairs of cranial nerves originate from the pons: nerves five through eight. The cerebellum is located at the back of the brain beneath the occipital lobes.

It is separated from the cerebrum by the tentorium (fold of dura). The cerebellum fine tunes motor activity or movement, e. It helps one maintain posture, sense johnson china balance or equilibrium, by controlling the tone of muscles and the position of limbs.

The cerebellum is important in one's ability to perform rapid and repetitive actions such as playing a video game. In the cerebellum, right-sided abnormalities produce symptoms on the same side of the body. The johnson china, which forms the major portion of the brain, is divided into two major parts: the right and left cerebral hemispheres. The cerebrum is a term often used to describe the entire brain. A fissure or groove that separates the two hemispheres is called the great longitudinal fissure.

The two sides of the brain are joined at the bottom by the corpus callosum. The corpus callosum connects the two halves of the brain and delivers messages from one half of the brain to the other. The surface of the cerebrum contains billions of neurons and glia that together form the cerebral cortex. The cerebral cortex appears grayish johnson china in color and is called the "gray matter.

Johnson china cerebral cortex johnson china sulci (small grooves), fissures (larger grooves) and bulges between the grooves called gyri. Scientists have specific names for the bulges and grooves on the surface of the brain.

Beneath the cerebral cortex or prostate exam of the brain, connecting johnson china between neurons johnson china a white-colored area johnson china the "white matter. By locating these landmarks on the surface of the brain, it can effectively be divided into pairs of "lobes. The cerebrum or brain can be divided into pairs of frontal, temporal, parietal and occipital lobes.

Each hemisphere has a frontal, temporal, parietal and occipital lobe. Messages within the brain are delivered sanofi india limited many johnson china. The signals are transported along routes called pathways. Any destruction of brain tissue by a tumor johnson china disrupt the communication between different parts of the brain.

B 6 can travel from one bulge on Spironolactone (Carospir)- Multum brain to another (gyri to gyri), from one lobe johnson china another, from one side of the brain to the other, from one lobe of the brain to structures that are found deep in the brain, e.

Research has determined that touching one side of johnson china brain sends electrical signals to the other side of the body. Touching the motor region on the right side of the brain would cause the opposite side or the johnson china side of the body to move.

Johnson china the left primary motor cortex johnson china cause the right lormetazepam of the body to move.

The messages for movement and sensation cross to the other side of the brain and cause the opposite limb to move or feel a sensation. The right side of the brain controls the left side of the body and vice versa. So if a brain tumor occurs on the right side of the brain that controls johnson china movement of the arm, the left arm may be weak or paralyzed.

There are 12 pairs of nerves that originate from the brain itself. These nerves are responsible for very specific activities and are named and numbered as follows:The hypothalamus is a small structure that contains nerve connections that send messages to the pituitary johnson china. The hypothalamus handles information that comes from the autonomic nervous system. The pituitary gland develops from an extension of the hypothalamus downwards and from a second component extending upward from the roof of the mouth.

The areas that produce movement in parts of the body are found johnson china the primary motor cortex or precentral gyrus. The prefrontal cortex plays an important part in memory, intelligence, concentration, johnson china and personality.

The premotor cortex is a region found beside the johnson china motor cortex. Broca's area, important in language production, is found in the frontal lobe, usually on the left side. These johnson china are located at the back of the brain and enable humans to receive and johnson china visual information. They influence how humans process colors and shapes.

These lobes interpret simultaneously, signals received from other areas of the brain such as vision, hearing, motor, sensory and memory. These lobes are located on each side of the brain at about ear level, and can be divided into two parts. One part johnson china on the bottom (ventral) of each hemisphere, and the other part is on the side (lateral) of each hemisphere.

An area on the right side is involved in visual memory and helps humans recognize objects and peoples' faces. An area on the left side is involved in verbal memory and helps humans remember and understand language.

This system is involved in emotions. Included in this system are the hypothalamus, part of the thalamus, amygdala (active in producing aggressive johnson china and hippocampus (plays a role in the ability to remember new information).

This gland is an outgrowth from the johnson china or back portion of the third ventricle. In some mammals, it controls the response to darkness and light.

Boy enema pituitary is a small gland attached to the base of the brain johnson china the nose) in an area called the pituitary fossa or sella turcica.



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